What is truth?

Some people think they know what consciousness is, but the truth is, consciousness is a term that is difficult to define, even for people who are considered to be high up on the intellectual rung, philosophers, for example.

Let’s leave consciousness aside and ask: What is truth?

In defining truth, it is first helpful to note what truth is not:


  • Truth is not simply whatever works. This is the philosophy of pragmatism – an ends-vs.-means-type approach. In reality, lies can appear to “work,” but they are still lies and not the truth.
  • Truth is not simply what is coherent or understandable. A group of people can get together and form a conspiracy based on a set of falsehoods where they all agree to tell the same false story, but it does not make their presentation true.
  • Truth is not what makes people feel good. Unfortunately, bad news can be true.
  • Truth is not what the majority says is true. Fifty-one percent of a group can reach a wrong conclusion.
  • Truth is not what is comprehensive. A lengthy, detailed presentation can still result in a false conclusion.
  • Truth is not defined by what is intended. Good intentions can still be wrong.
  • Truth is not how we know; truth is what we know.
  • Truth is not simply what is believed. A lie believed is still a lie.
  • Truth is not what is publicly proved. A truth can be privately known (for example, the location of buried treasure).

From a philosophical perspective, there are three simple ways to define truth:


  • Truth is that which corresponds to reality.
  • Truth is that which matches its object.
  • Truth is simply telling it like it is.

Let’s now evaluate this short argument:

If everything can be said to be attributable to creation ex-nihilo, it follows there is nothing that can be said to be not attributable to God. And if this is true then God can be deemed to be the source of good and evil.

Any truth? Maybe, there is; maybe, there is none. But the truth is that this argument is logical.

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